Within a discipline such as psychology, the informed consent psychology It is an element that you must know exactly both as a professional and as a patient.
For this reason, below you are about to know how this document is made so that you keep in mind what you will read or how you will write it if you are a professional with a guide model, so first of all you should know …
What is an informed consent psychology?
- A informed consent psychology It is a document that consists of elements that are stipulated before intervening or psychologically evaluating a patient.
- It also establishes what are the rights of this patient and what are the professional’s obligations to practice.
- The professional must always bear in mind the principles of the Hippocratic Oath with its ethical and moral duties.
- The Primun non nocere is non-maleficence, a principle of perfect obligation, that is to say that the professional has the obligation to stay alert and updated in terms of acting with treatments that do not negatively affect the patient, that is to say that they produce it damages.
- It maintains the principle of beneficence, that is to say that the professional contributes to the well-being of the patient as part of their obligation with the guarantee that the patient will obtain greater benefits than damages during their treatment.
It is not a perfect obligation but an imperfect one because it depends on each situation, since it is not possible to provide a benefit to those who refuse to receive it.
- On the other hand, the principle of autonomy is a perfect obligation because it has to do with the capacity of the person in deciding the purpose of their own life and how they will achieve those ends, therefore it is a principle that requires self-awareness and personal identity.
Therefore, it includes justice as a perfect right and obligation in terms of benefits and damages, pros and cons, being enhanced when the benefits made are insufficient with respect to the damages that are caused.
- According to the law, it is defined as the conscious, voluntary and free compliance of a patient who manifests it with the full use of his mental faculties after receiving the pertinent information.
- It is part of the requirements for the performance of professional practice, for this reason all psychologists are obliged to debate regarding the procedures and actions they use in their profession and their consequences.
- They have an obligation to inform patients about the protection of all their information.
- They have self-determination and autonomy for the beginning and end of their professional relationship.
- Self-determination has specified limits according to legal restrictions, mental health and age.
- Patients have the right to have the professional clarify the alternatives they have and not suffer any type of pressure.
- There are cases in which the patient cannot decide for himself in which case the guardians, mothers or fathers are responsible.
- For example, a patient over 12 years of age can make their presentation and be taken into account even though it will not be binding, as it must be accompanied by the consent of guardians or parents.
- A patient between 12 and 16 years of age requires the study of their decision-making capacity in accordance with the Kohlberg and Piaget theory, which indicates that maturity does not occur at an exact moment but is a process .
- For this reason, if the patient demonstrates sufficient capacity or in the event that their age is over 16 years of age, it will be the patient who makes the decision despite taking into account the guardians or parents.
- In the case of a minor patient with divorced parents with shared parental authority, consent is ensured by both parents.
- But since there may be a denial of the recommended treatment that the professional considers essential, it is a case that requires the intervention of the competent authority according to the legislation.
- When it comes to a minor patient without intellectual capacity, it will be his legal representative who will give his consent.
- There is also the principle of non-maleficence that occurs when the professional needs to act urgently and does not inform the patient because it focuses on preserving health.
This situation is understood as a therapeutic need, in which the professional has the power to act professionally even if the patient is not informed for an objective reason that implies avoiding harming the patient’s health.
Informed consent model psychology 1
What informed consent model psychology You can be guided by the following for its writing:
In my capacity as (indicate the link) I give my consent for (patient’s name) to begin a psychological evaluation and / or eventual treatment with the psychologist (psychologist’s first and last name, stating that he was duly informed about the conditions of the practice.
Informed consent psychology model 2
Other informed consent model psychology so you can guite is the following:
I was informed by the psychologist (name and surname) who works as (title of the exercise of his profession) regarding the way in which the interview will be carried out and about the intervention according to the reason for my consultation.
He also informed me that the sessions can be registered through the different existing forms (possible means of registration), written documentation, with prior authorization, that their use will be exclusively for therapeutic purposes.
That there will be a clinical record with a reserved nature and that the psychologist will keep it, therefore I have the right to have it when required and that I may or may not allow the use of the records for legal, investigative or academic purposes.
I asked all timely questions, which were resolved in an acceptable and sufficient manner.
I have the knowledge that all the information is protected and that nobody except the therapist knows this information, unless I exclusively give the consent to which I can renounce at any time.
Name and surname