Although there are several types of working hours, always refers to the amount of time that the worker has to develop the activity for which he was hired.
Even if you migrate to another city or country, you realize that what is common in one place is not in another, so below you are about to know the different types that exist in Spain and Mexico, because the value you pay is also different. a worker for social security in both countries, for example:
Different types of working hours
The different types of working hours have to do with how the company decided to distribute work time, so it can be:
- A reduced working hours that applies to companies that hire employees for risky jobs, that is, when the worker’s health is at risk, such as a refrigerator, a laboratory where work makes employees stay in contact with chemical products and therefore their health is at risk.
Even some public works jobs, construction companies, and even miners often work part-time.
- Split shift: It means that the workers of a company work discontinuously, they have at least one hour of interruption at work.
- Continued work: Although during the work day the employee has an interruption, it does not amount to more than half an hour to eat or to rest and then continues with work.
- Shift work: In this case, the company decided that the workers will carry out their work on a rotating basis, and say that the workers rotate at work. They usually form work teams that alternate the hours to work during the day, while a team works in the morning, at the end of their day a group that occupies the afternoon shift enters and when this group finishes its shift, the third group enters to cover the night shift. Even another group can enter at night to work until the time of entry of the group that corresponds to the morning shift.
It is a type of working day for those companies or public entities such as the police department, hospitals, since they are activities that cannot be paralyzed like the fire department.
- Full time shift: It is a common type of workday that is generally 8 hours of work that includes a rest time in the middle of the workday.
- Part time per hour: It is not a continuous working day but rather the worker carries out his activities for consecutive or alternate hours.
- Part time to part time: It is what is commonly called part time, since the employee develops his activities for several hours a day, week, month or year. It is not a full day and generally covers a total of 30 hours per week.
Types of working hours in Spain
As you read before, there are different types of working hours Depending on the decision of each company and also according to the country in question, for example in Spain there are the following:
- Continued work: It is the day in which the employee develops his activities without interruption, but if that day is more than 6 hours, he has 15 minutes of rest and even if the employee is under 18 years of age, he is entitled to a 30 minute interruption provided that their workday is longer than 4 hours.
- Split shift: It is the most common. The employee can interrupt his work for an hour, which he usually uses for lunch and then returns to work.
- Reduced working hours: In Spain, this type of working day has a special regulation aimed at jobs that require the employee to have certain physical conditions and can even reduce their working hours when it comes to victims of terrorism or gender or when the employee claims to have problems relatives.
- Shift work: It is the day that companies apply when productivity cannot be paralyzed. The staff of employees work in groups that are organized to take turns in carrying out their activities. Consequently, in this case there is no fixed schedule and the same group is not allowed to work more than 15 days in the same night shift, unless the group expressly requests it.
How much social security is paid for a full-time worker
In Spain, the company pays on behalf of the worker to Social Security, to the Salary, Training and Unemployment Guarantee Fund. For social security you pay 23.6% of your salary, for unemployment you pay 5.5%, for vocational training you pay 0.6% and for Fogasa you pay 0.2%
Therefore, your payroll can indicate a value but your salary is 29.9% higher than what it indicates.
Well, of what you earn a 29.9% salary goes to Social Security and you will not see it on your payroll, you will also see 6.35% and you even pay 25% for personal income tax.
In conclusion of your salary, you receive a certain net value, almost half you pay to Social Security and taxes. Consequently, your salary is higher than what the company where you work pays you because it is higher than what you see on your payroll and even what you pay to Social Security is also higher.
- In Mexico, for example, a company that hires a worker assuming a gross salary of $ 19,000 pays 2% payroll tax, for which the value is $ 380 in addition to 5.3% for contribution to INFONAVIT of $ 1007 and the IMSS fee a 15% $ 2850, therefore the total cost of the worker is $ 4237 for the company. The percentage is not paid by the company but by the worker, since the company retains the value to pay it to Social Security.
Types of working hours in Mexico
In Mexico, the different types of working hours are:
- Mixed day: With periods of time of day and night shift, but the latter cannot be more than 3 and a half hours.
- Day shift: It is the working day in which the tempering works from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.
- Night shift: In this case, the employee carries out his activities from 8:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.
- Continuous working day: It is the day that begins at 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. with a half-hour break.
- Discontinuous working day: It is the most common. For example, if you enter at 9:00 a.m. and leave at 3:00 p.m. to take a break until 4:00 p.m. and go back to work until 6:00 p.m.